Our church just finished 3 months in the Old Testament book of Exodus in a talk series called “MOVE”.
I had a blast working on it and while we are not Old Testament Jews we are instructed in the New Testament to learn the Old Testament Scriptures because they are powerful to transform our lives for the better (2 Timothy 3:16–17). At the same time many Christians get confused about the character of God and the work of God, what has changed, and what has remained the same.
Questions like these came up a couple of times throughout “MOVE” so I thought I’d do a top 5 list of the differences between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant.
Keep in mind; God does not change!!! (Malachi 3:6) but the unfolding of His redemptive plan of the ages does!
Top 5 Distinctions Between Old and New Covenants:
1. LIFE VS. DEATH:
The Old Covenant leads to death, a curse, and enslavement while the New Covenant offers life, redemption, and freedom (2 Corinthians 3:6–7, Galatians 3:10, Galatians 3:13, Galatians 5:1, John 8:32 & 36)
2. CONDEMNATION VS. FORGIVENESS:
The Old Covenant exposes sin while the New Covenant covers and cleanses sin. (Romans 7:7 & 13, Ephesians 2:8–9)
3. DISFIGURATION VS. TRANSFORMATION:
The Old Covenant leaves man imperfect while the New Covenant leaves man perfect. (Hebrews 7:19, Jeremiah 31:31–34, 2 Corinthians 5:17)
4. “DO” VS. “DONE”:
In the Old Covenant, living is by works while in the New Covenant living is by faith. (Galatians 3:10–14)
5. TEMPORAL, PHYSICAL & NATIONAL VS. ETERNAL, SPIRITUAL & UNIVERSAL:
The Old Covenant was for the Jews only and dealt with all things temporal and physical while the New Covenant is open to everyone and deals with all things spiritual and eternal! (Deuteronomy 4:7–8, John 1:11–12)