Top 5 Distinctions Between Old & New Covenants

May 7, 2015


Our church just fin­ished 3 months in the Old Tes­ta­ment book of Exo­dus in a talk series called “MOVE”.

 

I had a blast work­ing on it and while we are not Old Tes­ta­ment Jews we are instructed in the New Tes­ta­ment to learn the Old Tes­ta­ment Scrip­tures because they are pow­er­ful to trans­form our lives for the bet­ter (2 Tim­o­thy 3:16–17). At the same time many Chris­tians get con­fused about the char­ac­ter of God and the work of God, what has changed, and what has remained the same.

 

Ques­tions like these came up a cou­ple of times through­out “MOVE” so I thought I’d do a top 5 list of the dif­fer­ences between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant.

 

Keep in mind; God does not change!!! (Malachi 3:6) but the unfold­ing of His redemp­tive plan of the ages does!

 

Top 5 Dis­tinc­tions Between Old and New Covenants:

 

1.    LIFE VS. DEATH:

 

The Old Covenant leads to death, a curse, and enslave­ment while the New Covenant offers life, redemp­tion, and free­dom (2 Corinthi­ans 3:6–7, Gala­tians 3:10, Gala­tians 3:13, Gala­tians 5:1, John 8:32 & 36)

 

2.    CONDEMNATION VS. FORGIVENESS:

 

 The Old Covenant exposes sin while the New Covenant cov­ers and cleanses sin. (Romans 7:7 & 13, Eph­esians 2:8–9)

 

3.    DISFIGURATION VS. TRANSFORMATION:

 

The Old Covenant leaves man imper­fect while the New Covenant leaves man per­fect. (Hebrews 7:19, Jere­miah 31:31–34, 2 Corinthi­ans 5:17)

 

 4.    “DO” VS. “DONE”:

 

In the Old Covenant, liv­ing is by works while in the New Covenant liv­ing is by faith. (Gala­tians 3:10–14)

 

5.    TEMPORAL, PHYSICAL & NATIONAL VS. ETERNAL, SPIRITUAL & UNIVERSAL:

 

The Old Covenant was for the Jews only and dealt with all things tem­po­ral and phys­i­cal while the New Covenant is open to every­one and deals with all things spir­i­tual and eter­nal! (Deuteron­omy 4:7–8, John 1:11–12)

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